All things TOEFL iBT

Integrated Writing: Read a text, listen to a lecture or conversation and write

Skills needed
compare and contrast
summarize
paraphrase
identify the main points

The points in the reading contrast with the points raised in the lecture or conversation
A x X
B x Y
C x Z

reporting verbs: say, claim, argue, defend, explain, criticize, warn, advise, tell, state, relate, reiterate, rectify, ratify, explain, question, challenge, support, champion, uphold, maintain, advocate, pinpoint, highlight, underline, object, oppose, (contest), emphasize, raise, expound, examine, consider

Make reference to:
The author x The lecturer

The writer x The male speaker/The female speaker

The text x The lecture

Linkers: whereas, while, as opposed to, in contrast to, contrary to, though, although, even though, despite, in spite of, on one hand, on the other hand

though= although = even though (from most informal to most formal)

Although/Even though + clause

Clause, though

despite = in spite of (more formal)

despite/in spite of + verb + -ing, e.g. despite/in spite of the weather being bad, we decided to go for a picnic.

despite/in spite of + noun e.g. despite/in spite of the bad weather, we decided to go for a picnic.

despite/in spite of + the fact that + clause e.g. despite/in spite of the fact that the weather was bad, we decided to go for a picnic.

Which, in your opinion, is easier – the independent or the integrated task? Why?

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